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So much confusion and misinterpretation about this chapter on UPAPADA is seen everywhere .
First let us examine views that is prevalent wrt upapada in todays literature .
1.Upapada is pada of 12 th from lagna .
2. upapada is actually pada of second from lagna
3. Upapada 12 th if lagna is even and 2nd if lagna is odd .
why this many versions
because PARASHARA uses the word
tanorauncharadyat syatuparudham taduchchyate
that means one that follows the tanu ;
what can be poosible analysis ,
tanu bhava what follows it ,
some say 2nd house and some say 12th house .
Some say 12th because anuchara is one that follows ie one which is behind so 12 th house .
But some argue
12th house has already risen and it is actually 2nd house that rises after First and hence 2nd house has to be taken as the one that follows .
Some indigenously say that if it even then counting is reverse so its 12 that folows and when lagna is odd counting is straight so 2nd is to be taken as anuchara .
Lets examine JAIMINI
upapadam padam pitruanucharat
pitru is ninth anuchara of ninth can be 8th or 10th
But since upa means near , 10th , 8th seems very far off . how can these be upapada . so seeking Parashar shloka pitru is termed as
pa = 1 ta =6
ankanaam amato gati
61/12 remainder is 1
so pitru is actually 1st bhava .
so anuchara is again 2 nd or 12 th .
some opine upapada is actually about wife , wife is known by 7th so upapada is actually pada of 7th .
some still argue 2nd is about family kutumba and hence it is the upapada .
So what is upapada .
Parashara says it is gauna pada .
The following analysis should interest readers as well .
and this is conclusive , readers are welcome to comment on this .
Firstly anuchara is follower . Why this word had to be used ?
Why Parashara could not have used dwitiya pada or kutumbabhava pada if he were to mean it ,
He could have also used vyayapada atleast once if it were 12th .
If it were 7th then there is abundant usage of darapada word in pArashara and jaimini so naturally these are not meant by UPAPADA .
2nd does relate to wife , but before writing entire upapada chapter Parashara mentions dhanapada word in the padadhyaya to show riches
the verse is
evam lagnapadadeva dhanadipadato dwij sthandwayam samaalokya jatakasya phalam vadet ||
after this sutra upapada chapter starts , so why would sage complicate the issue , he could have simply used dhanapadam instead of upapadam . But the fact he doesnot even use once the word dhanapada for upapada shows , upapada has some other meaning .
Lastly when we say upagraha . it means something other than sun moon ….. shani etc . ie it is different from existing grahas ,and means dhooma chapa etc .
so in the context upapada must be different from existing 12 padas , as each pada has its own name , mantra pada , dara pada , dhana pada , etc .
Sage mentions TANU bhava pada is mukhya pada and upapada is gauna pada . and more so it deals with WIFE , married life and children etc . putra darasukh .
so what is UPAPADA ?
so upapada is tanu anuchara and pitru anuchara .
what is that follows the self ?
And this one is also one that follows FATHER .
Normally two things follow the body 1 punya 2. SON
if we take former than it becomes 9th
but Jaimini says pitru anuchara , so it cannot be 9th .
so SON follows a self body and it also fits in Pitru anuchara
putra is natural anuchara of Pita .
But are we meaning Fifth bhava pada , if Sage were to mean fifth bhava pada , he could have told simply mantrapada or sutabhavapada !
So it is not fifth bhava pada as it should be different fromexisting 12 padas to entitle to be UPAPADA .
In karaka adhyaya there is verse
sute sutam vijayate patnim saptambhavatah |
sutabhave [ not sutabhaave ] graho ya: syat so api karak uchcyate | |
the previous linesays patnim saptambhavatah .
so the planet responsible for children sutabhav graha also qualifies as patni karak .
which is this graha
tano anucharah meaning fifth lord and
pitruanucharat – one that follows pitrukaraka is putrakaraka in charakaraka scheme ,
note the verses
tanoh anucharat adyat syat uparudham
sutabhav graho yah syat so api karak
upapadam padam pitru anucharat
upapadam padam putrakarakat yah syat so api patni karaka ucchyate .
so GRAHA ARUDHA of PUTRA KARAKA and fifth Lord is UPAPADA .
it is note worthy that in pada adhyaya graha arudha is mentioned and it will be out of place that its application has not been made in the hora shastra .
Thus upapada is Graharudha of Suta bhava .
which denotes general happiness as can be seen from RAAJyoga adhyaya , and putra dara sukha as mentioned in upapada .
Upapadam yatchubhatve bhavennruNama putradaradijam sukham ||
any affliction to upapada delays marraige , if heavly afflicted , it gives sanyasa
papagruha yute tatra papbhe papavikshite pravrajako bhavvejato daarhenothva naraha ||
then second from Upapada if it contains benefic , it gives a beautiful wife . Most importantly upapada lord if its exalted gives wife from good lineage and if it is debilitated gives a wife from otherwise .
If second from upapada is debilitated , denial of marraige takes place , if exalted there will be many beautiful wives of good qualities .
Those who have exceptionally beautiful wife can easily verify the veracity of this theory .
CONCLUSION – upapada is graharudha of charaputrakaraka and fifth LORD .